Dr. Vinay Tantuway

M.S. (Orthopaedics)
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Common Injuries Prevention Treatment Options Fitness Diet  

Sports medicine is a multi-disciplinary branch of medical science, which aims to deliver positive health to a sports-person. The 3 main thrust areas of Sports medicine are:

1. Sports Injury management and rehabilitation.

2. Injury prevention in sport.

3. Improvement of physical fitness and performance.

Common Injuries Common Types of Sports Injuries

  • Muscle sprains and strains
  • Tears of the ligaments that hold joints together
  • Tears of the tendons that support joints and allow them to move
  • Dislocated joints
  • Fractured bones, including vertebrae.

Tennis: Raquet sports frequently cause inflammation of the elbow and shoulder. The most common injuries are rotator cuff tendinitis and tennis elbow. Injury may be prevented by proper equipment, technique and conditioning.

Soccer: ACL tears are very common due to the twisting nature of this sport, particularly among female athletes. Other injuries include ankle sprains, patella dislocations, hip strains and foot injuries.

Basketball: Few sports require the combination of twisting running cutting and jumping involved in basketball. Frequent injuries include tears of the ACL and damage to the articular cartilage in the knee. Other common injuries are achilles tendon tears, patella tendinitis (jumpers knee) and meniscus tears.

Running: Subtle malalignment can cause a multitude of problems for the runner. Common injuries include iliotibial band syndrome, chondromalacia patella, plica syndrome, popliteal cysts. Many problems can be treated with orthotics to control alignment, rotation, and leg length, and with the use of proper stretching, training techniques and running shoes.

Volleyball: Jumping and hitting are the main causes of injury. Common injuries are ankle sprains, patella tendinits and knee ligament tears from jumping, and stretching of the shoulder ligaments or tearing of the rotator cuff from hitting.